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What is Honey Bee?
Human beings are familiar with Honey Bee.  In countryside, we happen to meet honey bees very often.  Worker bee is working very diligently all day long for the collection of pollen and alters it into honey.  It is an important vector for the pollination process.  Meanwhile human beings collect honey for ourselves, honeybees take a defense by stinging human beings for which it constitutes a potential risk to us.

 What is Wasp & Is there any different between Bee & Wasp?
Wasps are classified as pests in Hong Kong despite that they act as natural enemies that can kill a great variety of harmful insects and arachnids.  There are basically 3 main categories known as Common Wasp (Vespo bicolor), Common Brown Wasp (Vespo affinis) & Common Paper Wasp (Palistes olivaceous).  The differences between bee & wasp basically are their food sources and mouth parts other thanthat wasps have bigger size than that of bee. 

Species of Honeybees & Wasps
There are over 120,000 species of honeybees in the world.  In Hong Kong, we often meet  Small Honeybee, Wasp and Tiger Wasp & Common Paper wasp.

Small Honeybee (Apis cerana)

Common Wasp (Vespo bicolor)

Body Length 10-20mm, Coffee Brown, with hair

Body Length 15-25mm, Yellow & Black

Common Brown Wasp or Tiger Wasp (Vespo affinis)

Common Paper Wasp (Palistes olivaceous)
Body Length 19-23mm, head & thorax Reddish brown.  Anterior abdomen yellow; Posterior abdomen black Body Length 14-22mm, Yellowish  Brown with Black trips on its thorax & abdomen, longitudinal the former but transversal the latter

Honeycomb arranges in hexagonal pack. The trapezium base fragments of a hive converge a hard structure inwardly to form a very solid centroid to sustain the whole weight. The hive bottom and hive upper side place inversely each other to maximize the structural strength.  Honeybee forms its comb in the following place.


  • Hollow Truck
  • Roof
  • Wall Cavity
  • Hole left by rodents
  • Scrub in forest


Honeycomb has 300 - 12,000 hives.  Normally there are 1,000-4,000 pcs workers in a 2,000 - 6,000 hives.
  • Queen
  • Worker bee
  • Male bee

The larva of the queen takes 16 days to complete its development, 5 days shorter than worker larva and 8 days faster than male bee.  The queen virgin takes 4-5 days to grow mature.  She flies to mate with a lot of male bees in the air.  When she obtains sufficient sperms, she will return to her hive and deliver her eggs. She lays 1500-2000 eggs a day continually for 3-4 years.

 Worker bee is conducting all locomotive work and is responsible for different roles in its various instar stages.  It starts working for cleaning & stabalizing hive temperature from 3rd-day instar and works to prepare food and feed the older infants from 4th-day instar onward.  From 6th-day instar to 12th-day instar, it secrets the royal jelly to feed the queen and baby infants.  From 12th-day instar to 18th-day instar, it can recognize the hives and secret wax to build the hives too.  From 20th-day instar, it carries out work on the collection of honey, pollens, water, gels. The old worker tends to lose its ability to collect pollens therefore it will only guard the hives until it dies.  Worker will not take a definite role unchanged but it will change sometimes if it is necessary.

Male Bee. Sperms Donor.  The size is bigger than worker bee but does not have the differentiated structure like worker bee to collect pollen, neither to have the mandible and sting to guard against enemies.  Food consumption of male bee is 2-3 times of worker.  His only task is mating with the queen.  After mating, the male genital organ drops off and dies.

Control Method 
Honeybee is known as the friend of human beings. It only catches attention if the population tends to threaten the public. Otherwise human do not care them much. If they are foced to attack, they sting yo human skin in which it causes pain seriously.